ERIC Number: ED419308
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-May
Characteristics, Services, and Outcomes of Rehabilitation Consumers Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired Served in Separate and General Agencies.
Cavenaugh, Brenda S.; Pierce, Steven J.
This study used case closure data to investigate the demographic and disability characteristics, service, and outcomes of 36,497 consumers who are blind or visually impaired served in state-federal vocational rehabilitation (VR) programs. By contrasting key measures reported by separate blindness agencies and general agencies, findings indicate: (1) separate blindness agencies served a higher percentage of consumers with socio-demographic characteristics associated with lower labor force participation rates; (2) separate blindness agencies served a higher percentage of consumers with the most severe visual impairments; (3) separate blindness agencies provided a higher number of services to consumers with the most severe visual impairments; (4) separate blindness agencies incurred greater service costs; (5) separate blindness agencies served consumers who were more likely to report client income/earnings as their primary source of support at closure; (6) separate blindness agencies rehabilitated a slightly lower percentage of all the consumers who applied for VR services, but rehabilitated a slightly higher percentage of the subgroup of consumers who were accepted and VR services were initiated; (7) separate blindness agencies closed a lower percentage of legally blind consumers as homemakers; and (8) separate blindness agencies closed a higher percentage of legally blind consumers into competitive labor and in sheltered employment. (Contains 29 references.) (CR)
Descriptors: Adults, Blindness, Employment, Employment Services, Program Effectiveness, Sheltered Workshops, Special Programs, Supported Employment, Visual Impairments, Vocational Rehabilitation, Vocational Training Centers
Mississippi State University, Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Blindness and Low Vision, P.O. Box 6189, Mississippi State, MS 39762.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mississippi State Univ., Mississippi State. Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Blindness and Low Vision.