ERIC Number: ED419222
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Investigating Bilingual Literacy: Evidence from Malawi and Zambia. Education Research Paper.
This monograph describes contrasting classroom methods and experiences teaching reading in Malawi (where reading is taught through the medium of a local language) and in Zambia (where the medium used is English). In describing research carried out in Malawi and Zambia, the monograph specifically discusses the importance of the research for those policy makers in other countries who are considering comparable or related language issues. The monograph reports on reading tests carried out at years 3, 4, 5, and 6 in both English and the respective local languages (Chichewa in Malawi, Nyanja in Zambia) in rural and urban schools. In addition, a sample of pupils of differing English reading proficiencies were interviewed and participated in individual reading investigations. Findings confirm misgivings expressed in the 1992 Zambian Ministry report "Focus on Learning" that for the majority of pupils in primary schools, levels of reading in English are inadequate for learning to take place. The monograph closes with some suggestions as to how improvement might be brought about, while noting that the effect of the suggestions will necessarily be limited by factors outside the classroom, and in particular by the economic conditions of the teachers and of pupils' families. Includes 56 tables of data; contains 25 references. Appended are information on reading approaches, transcripts and texts of two lessons, test samples in the three languages, and graphs of test scores. (NKA)
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Chinyanja, Elementary Education, English (Second Language), Foreign Countries, Language of Instruction, Literacy, Reading Instruction, Reading Research, Reading Tests
Department for International Development (DFID), 96 Victoria Street, London, SW1E 5JL, England, United Kingdom (Free).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department for International Development, London (England).
Identifiers - Location: Malawi; Zambia