ERIC Number: ED419188
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998
White Counselor Trainees: Is there Multicultural Counseling Competence without Formal Training?
Steward, Robbie J.; Neil, Douglas; Jo, Hanik; Hill, Martin; Baden, Amanda
Recent research has produced ambiguous results as to whether traditional training in multicultural development, awareness, knowledge, and skills is necessary to produce counseling competence. To explore this question, a study of multicultural counseling competence prior to multicultural counseling training is reported here. For the study, a content analysis of the counseling transcripts of 25 White, masters level counselor trainees who counseled an African American male client was performed. The results indicate that when effective use of all other microcounseling skills was controlled for, trainees that more effectively used directives and/or reframe statements were perceived to be the most competent by the client, significantly predicting his perceptions of counseling effectiveness and his willingness to return to counseling. In each of the cases of counselors' use of directives and reframing statements, the issue of race was initiated by the counselor as a possible explanation for the client's experience. Results of focus group discussions, in which counselor trainees that generated reasons for White counselors' willingness to consider race as a possible explanation when some did not, are presented. (MKA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Counseling Association World (Indianapolis, IN, March 28-April 1, 1998).