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ERIC Number: ED419185
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Mar-28
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
PAR--A Theoretic Model for Self-Assessment and Practice toward Multicultural Counseling Competence.
Steward, Robbie J.
The development and refinement of the Preservation, Accommodation, and Repatterning model (PAR) took place over a 10-year period. This paper presents a discussion of the evolution of PAR. The paper describes the observations and the line of empirical research findings that guided conceptualization and evaluation of the model. The model was developed based on the affective tone of counseling sessions and cross-cultural interactions which make up the three components of the model: preservation, accommodation, and repatterning. The structured use of well-defined traditional microcounseling skills are detailed, as are the limitations of the model. The use of the PAR model in the development of guidelines for the negotiation of diversity within training programs is discussed. PAR guidelines were developed in recognition of the real, day-to-day, life experience of minority clients, faculty, internship site-staff, and counselor trainees who often engage in futile attempts to attend to issues of power differences and feelings of alienation that can occur within counseling relationships and within the training environment. The model's view of human nature is likewise explored, including its basic characteristics, its therapeutic goals, the role and function of the therapist within the PAR model, the relationship between the therapist and the client, and the application and limitations of the PAR model. (MKA)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A