ERIC Number: ED419175
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Constructs of Work Used in Career Guidance. NICEC Briefing.
Hirsh, Wendy; Kidd, Jenny; Watts, Tony
The career guidance process uses a variety of frameworks and constructs to describe the world of work and to help individuals relate to it. As the world of work changes, these constructs require fundamental review. The constructs and frameworks currently used to describe work are of five types. Employment constructs describe occupation, level, sector, and contractual mode of employment. Employers' constructs have been developed to differentiate internally between jobs. Employer-developed classifications are as follows: job descriptions and titles, job analysis, job evaluation, grade level and organizational location, and new frameworks. Classifications linking individual characteristics to opportunities include interests, values, and abilities and skills. Skills, competencies, and qualifications are used to describe the requirements of work. Hybrid and multidimensional frameworks are usually pragmatic combinations of other frameworks. A simplified model of the relationship between some constructs and career decision making highlights the following: different kinds of career decision, only some involving a fundamental choice of occupation; need to relate work preferences to employers' requirements and labor market opportunities; and need to consider the future implications of choice. Within career guidance, information needs vary by client group, type of decision, and guidance purposes. Some of the hybrid and multidimensional models and those emerging from employers come closer to linking work with careers. (YLB)
Descriptors: Career Choice, Career Development, Career Education, Career Guidance, Decision Making, Education Work Relationship, Foreign Countries, Job Analysis, Job Skills, Models, Occupational Information, Secondary Education
National Institute for Careers Education and Counselling, Sheraton House, Castle Park, Cambridge CB3 0AX, England, United Kingdom (enclose stamped self-addressed envelope); e-mail: enquiries@CRAC.org.uk (enclose stamped self-addressed envelope).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Careers Research and Advisory Centre, Cambridge (England).; Department for Education and Employment, London (England).
Authoring Institution: National Inst. for Careers Education and Counselling, Cambridge (England).
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)