ERIC Number: ED419145
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Jun-6
Reference Count: N/A
Career Maturity: A Review of Four Decades of Research.
Naidoo, Anthony V.
The career maturity construct has been the subject of much research since its introduction into the literature in 1955. Studies have investigated various correlates of the career maturity construct. The more recurrent research focuses can be grouped into the following clusters: age or grade level differences; race, ethnic, and cultural differences; locus of control (LOC) and socioeconomic status (SES) differences; sex or gender differences; and work salience. Research indicates career maturity is better differentiated by educational level than age and lends support to the construct's developmental nature and supports the belief that career maturity development differs by gender. Studies have failed to find a significant relationship between SES and career maturity, but evidence indicates SES may have an indirect effect. A commanding body of research has delineated both indirect and direct relationships between LOC and a wide spectrum of career-related variables, such as career decision, career commitment, career aspiration, work ethics and leisure, career exploration, and occupational information-seeking behavior--all integral to career development and career maturity. Research on career development concerns of racial and ethnic groups should be interpreted cautiously because of the confounding of race, class, ethnic, and economic variables. Work-role salience has been conceptualized generally as an independent variable affecting various career issues including career maturity. (142 references) (YLB)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Career Choice, Career Development, Career Education, Career Exploration, Decision Making, Educational Research, Ethnic Groups, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Instructional Program Divisions, Locus of Control, Secondary Education, Sex Differences, Socioeconomic Status, Vocational Maturity, Work Attitudes
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A