ERIC Number: ED419075
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
Association of African-American Mothers' Perceptions of Their Neighborhood with Their Parenting and Adolescent Adjustment. Publication Series No. 6.
Taylor, Ronald D.
The association between mothers' perceptions of their neighborhoods in terms of crime, physical deterioration, and the availability of important resources and adolescent adjustment in the areas of self-reliance, self-esteem, problem behavior, and psychological distress was studied. Adolescent participants were 37 males and 48 females, all of whom were African-American. Forty-four lived in one-parent homes with their mothers; the others were from two-parent homes. A number of measures were used to measure adolescent characteristics, and both adolescents and their mothers were interviewed. Findings reveal that important features of neighborhoods (crime, physical deterioration, availability of resources) measured through their mothers' reports were associated with adolescent functioning and parent practices. The more that mothers reported that crime was a problem, the lower the adolescents' self-reliance. An outcome of living in a dangerous context may be loss of autonomy. The more mothers reported that the neighborhood was deteriorating, the lower the adolescents' self-esteem and self-reliance, and the higher the mothers' firm control of the adolescent. The more that mothers thought important resources were accessible, the higher adolescent self-reliance and self-esteem. Findings also show positive relations between mothers' acceptance and adolescent adjustment. The effects of mothers' perceptions had effects on adolescent adjustment regardless of mothers' parenting practices. Some limitations of the study are noted. (Contains 3 tables and 36 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mid-Atlantic Lab. for Student Success, Philadelphia, PA.; National Research Center on Education in the Inner Cities, Philadelphia, PA.