ERIC Number: ED419053
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
Healthy for Life: An Efficacy Test of Two Program Versions. Final Report.
Piper, Douglas L.; Moberg, Paul; King, Monica J.; Wu, Jiyuan; Wright, Susan; Hill, Hannah
The Healthy for Life (HFL) program was an efficacy test of an adolescent health promotion program designed specifically for use with middle school students. Four conceptually distinct, but inter-related, components were designed to influence young adolescents in school, with their peers, in their families, and in the communities. HFL was unique in that it addressed five health behaviors with one program: (1) poor nutrition habits; (2) tobacco use; (3) alcohol use; (4) marijuana use; and (5) the early onset of sexual behavior. An extensive evaluation was designed to determine whether or not the program was more effective than existing health education efforts in preventing these harmful behaviors. HFL also tested the relative effectiveness of two program versions: the Intensive version, which included a 12-week in-school intervention in seventh grade, and the Age Appropriate version, which was a 4-week in-school intervention delivered sequentially in grades 6, 7, and 8. Evaluation data included the reports from participating schools, with a final sample of 2,278 students. Responses of 554 parents to a questionnaire and teacher responses provided additional data. Parents, teachers, and students responded favorably to the program. Results of the process evaluation are consistently positive. Outcome results are fairly consistent across a variety of analytic techniques in showing significantly positive effects for the "Intensive" version on measures of smoking and smokeless tobacco, meal frequency, perceptions of peer use, and offers of substances. There is also a positive (marginal or significant depending on the analytic model used) effect on the overall scale of substance use. Because of similar trend data, it is hypothesized that tenth-grade data for the "Age Appropriate" version will yield positive results similar to those observed for the "Intensive" condition at ninth grade. (Contains 17 tables and 115 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Drug Education, Health Behavior, Health Education, Intermediate Grades, Junior High Schools, Middle School Students, Middle Schools, Nutrition, Parent Attitudes, Parents, Program Effectiveness, Sex Education, Tables (Data), Teacher Attitudes, Teachers, Urban Youth, Youth Programs
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Pacific Inst. for Research and Evaluation, Madison, WI.