ERIC Number: ED418772
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
State Developments in Child Care and Early Education, 1997.
Blank, Helen; Adams, Gina
Access to quality child care is critical to working parents. Prior to the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act, states had a significant level of responsibility for child care, and the 1996 welfare reform law further expanded the state's role. This report examines state efforts in child care and early education in 1997 in light of these changes. The major state developments in 1997 are divided into several categories, including: changes in child care funding, reductions in guarantees of child care assistance, changes in child care subsidy policies, developments in quality investments, licensing activities, school-age care, and state prekindergarten initiatives. Following a brief summary, section one of the report addresses state decisions regarding child care funding, including increasing state funding and returning federal funds. Section two addresses child care assistance, including assistance to families below certain income levels, while section three addresses changes in child care subsidy policies, including state reimbursement rates and eligibility issues. Section four addresses actions related to quality and supply, including licensing, regulatory changes, and protection of children. Section five addresses changes in child care administration and efforts to create unified policies. Section six addresses Head Start and prekindergarten initiatives. The final section of the report addresses additional new ideas and developments in early education and child care initiatives. (SD)
Descriptors: Child Advocacy, Child Welfare, Childhood Needs, Day Care, Day Care Centers, Day Care Effects, Early Childhood Education, Educational Quality, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, State Aid, State Federal Aid, State Government, State Programs, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
Children's Defense Fund, 25 E Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20001; telephone: 202-628-8787 ($5.95).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act