ERIC Number: ED418670
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Race and First Year Retention on a Canadian Campus. [Working Paper].
Grayson, J. Paul
This study examined the effects of race on first-year retention at York University (Ontario). Data were obtained from student surveys conducted in 1993, 1994, and 1995, involving a total of 1,864 first-year students, along with administrative records. The study found that the number of black students who left the university because of poor academic standing was almost twice that for any other group. However, an analysis of data on students who left the university in good and poor academic standing indicated no significant racial differences. It was found that grade point average (GPA) was the primary determinant of enrollment status for black and East Indian students, while for students of Chinese and "other" origins, GPA and the value placed upon obtaining a degree were determining factors of enrollment status. For students of European origin, Ontario Academic Credit marks in high school, GPA, academic involvement, and the value placed upon obtaining a degree were determining factors of enrollment status, in line with a student integration model of retention. (Contains 34 references.) (MDM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Black Students, College Freshmen, Commuter Colleges, Educational Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Grade Point Average, Higher Education, Predictor Variables, Racial Differences, School Holding Power, School Involvement, Student Attitudes, White Students
Institute for Social Research, York University, 4700 Keele St., North York, Ontario, M3J 1P3, Canada; phone: 416-736-5061; fax: 416-736-5749 ($12.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: York Univ., Toronto (Ontario). Inst. for Social Research.