ERIC Number: ED418667
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Race on Campus: Outcomes of the First Year Experience at York University. [Working Paper].
Grayson, J. Paul
This study examined the effects of race on the experiences and outcomes of first-year students at York University (Ontario). Data were collected through a survey of 1,093 students at their time of entry in September 1992 and a survey of 1,129 students conducted in February-March of 1993. The study found that students' socioeconomic backgrounds varied by race, with the families of students of European origin having higher incomes than others, while the parental education of students of East Indian origin was higher than for other groups. The results also indicated that black students, more than all others, believed that they had been academically prepared for the university and felt more competent than their peers. The study found that black students had the lowest grade point averages (GPAs) while students of European origin had the highest. The difference between the means, however, was only 2 percent. Regression analysis indicated that race, per se, had little if any impact on educational outcomes. Explanations for differences were most likely to be found in the different classroom experiences of students of different races and the degree of academic involvement on campus. (Contains 34 references.) (MDM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Black Students, College Freshmen, Commuter Colleges, Educational Attitudes, Educational Experience, Foreign Countries, Grade Point Average, Higher Education, Racial Differences, School Involvement, Socioeconomic Influences, Student Attitudes, White Students
Institute for Social Research, York University, 4700 Keele St., North York, Ontario, M3J 1P3, Canada; phone: 416-736-5061; fax: 416-736-5749 ($12.50).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: York Univ., Toronto (Ontario). Inst. for Social Research.