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ERIC Number: ED418035
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Women from Two Cultures: Social Attitudes of East and West German Women after Reunification.
Alfermann, Dorothee; Reigber, Dieter
This study reports on the results of two panel surveys conducted in 1992 and 1995 with representative samples of 16- to 65-year old women in Germany. Participants were interviewed individually in their homes. The interviews lasted about two hours and consisted mainly of standardized scales which had to be filled by the participants. The results were divided into subscales for masculinity and femininity characteristics, with a classification for androgynous and indifferent. Gender identity type was then assessed as a function of age and culture in the samples of East and West German women. Attitudes toward work and family were also assessed as were attitudes toward educational objectives. The hypothesis was that androgynous women should make fewer differences between boys and girls in the importance of educational objectives and that they should emphasize feminine as well as masculine objectives similarly. East German women were also expected to emphasize discipline/order more and tolerance less than West German women due to their socialization in a closed-minded political system. Findings show that East German women place more emphasis than West German women on discipline, on male skills for boys, on masculine traits, and less emphasis on tolerance and open-mindedness. In addition, East German women put greater emphasis on the differences between boys and girls than West German women. Overall there are no differences between East and West in sex role attitudes, but an increase is noted in egalitarian attitudes is noted between 1992 and 1995. West German women place slightly but significantly more emphasis on leisure time than women from East Germany, while East German women still put much more emphasis on having children and on being in the labor force than their West German counterparts. (EH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: East Germany; West Germany