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ERIC Number: ED417835
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Early Childhood Education in Iceland: A Response to the Welfare System, the Natural Environment, the Cultural Heritage and Foreign Influences.
Einarsdottir, Johanna
This paper discusses early childhood education in Iceland and its in relation to the country's cultural heritage, the family welfare system, and legislation and influences from abroad. Because Iceland has been isolated for centuries from the rest of the world, the country has developed its own culture and maintained its native language. The need for early childhood care did not arise until the late arrival of the industrial revolution. The first early childhood program was established in 1924 as a shelter for poor children orphaned by influenza. The curriculum has gradually been transformed into preschool as the first level of schooling, according to a 1994 law. The Icelandic welfare system resembles that of other Scandinavian countries; therefore, most preschool facilities are established by the local authorities. The Ministry of Culture and Education supervision the operation of the preschools and establishes the curriculum. Icelandic early childhood education is built on a Scandinavian family welfare model, the natural environment of the country, and the Icelandic cultural heritage. The paper discusses the influences of these factors, as well as external factors, on early education in Iceland. Contains 26 references. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iceland