ERIC Number: ED417829
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Mar-10
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare Reform: Effects of Changes Made to the Summer Food Service Program. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Youth and Families, Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives.
Robinson, Robert A.
These transcripts present testimony concerning the effects of changes in the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Summer Food Service Program mandated by the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act. Major changes were: (1) reduced federal subsidies for sponsors; (2) eliminated federal subsidies for a fourth daily meal in summer camps and programs primarily serving migrant children; and (3) eliminated expansion grants. Testimony was based on interviews conducted with Summer Food Service Program officials and indicated that reducing sponsors' federal subsidies did not significantly affect the number of program sponsors or children participating in 1997. Almost half the states reported that sponsors reduced the number of food items in meals or reduced the number of meal locations. Several state officials said that some sponsors continued participating in 1997 to test whether they could financially manage the program with reduced funds and expected that sponsors that could not do so would leave it in future years. Representatives from the USDA and some state officials said that increased outreach efforts and state funding could mitigate the effects of the rate decrease on the number of sponsors and participating children. The decrease in number of meals for which summer camps and migrant sponsors could be reimbursed resulted in loss of a reimbursement for a snack, not a meal. The loss of start-up and expansions grants may not have had a significant effect because they were not widely used. (KB)
Descriptors: Food, Hearings, Nutrition, Program Evaluation, State Federal Aid, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 37050, Washington, DC 20013; phone: 202-512-6000; fax: 202-512-6061; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; www: http://www.gao.gov (First copy, free; additional copies, $2 each).
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Resources, Community, and Economic Development Div.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act