ERIC Number: ED417811
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare Reform: States' Efforts To Expand Child Care Programs. United States General Accounting Office Report to the Ranking Minority Member, Subcommittee on Children and Families, Committee on Labor and Human Resources, U.S. Senate.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
The sweeping changes of welfare reform embodied in the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, and which created the Child Care and Development Block Grant, raise many questions about how states will implement subsidy programs to help an increasing number of low-income families meet their child care needs. At the request of the U.S. Senate subcommittee on children and families, state efforts to expand child care programs in the wake of welfare reform were examined. This resulting report details: (1) how much federal and state funds states are spending on child care subsidy programs and how they are allocating these resources among welfare families, families making the transition from welfare to work, and working poor families; (2) how states are trying to increase the supply of child care to meet the projected demand under welfare reform; and (3) the extent to which states are changing standards for child care providers in response to welfare reform. The report focuses on the efforts of seven states: California, Connecticut, Louisiana, Maryland, Oregon, Texas, and Wisconsin. These states represent a range of socioeconomic characteristics, geographic locations, and experiences with state welfare reform initiatives. In addition, the report reviews information about the child care subsidy programs of all 50 states and the District of Columbia contained in the new Child Care Development Fund (CCDF) plans they submitted to the Department of Health and Human Services. Appendices present scope and methodology, background information on the seven states, key elements of these states' child care subsidy programs affecting coverage of low-income families as of July 1, 1997, comments from the Department of Health and Human Services, and GAO contacts and staff acknowledgments. (EV)
Descriptors: Block Grants, Day Care, Early Childhood Education, State Aid, State Federal Aid, State Programs, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services, Working Poor
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 37050, Washington, DC 20013; phone: 202-512-6000; fax: 202-512-606; www: http://www.gao.gov; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (first copy free, additional copies $2 each).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Child Care and Development Block Grants