ERIC Number: ED417799
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
An Unfair Head Start: California Families Face Gaps in Preschool and Child Care Availability. Second Edition.
Fuller, Bruce; Coonerty, Casey; Kipnis, Fran; Choong, Yvonne
This report details inequities in how preschool and child care opportunities are distributed among 4 California counties, across communities situated within these counties, and among the state's 200 localities with the most families receiving welfare benefits. Analysis of uniform data on the state's 8,831 licensed preschools and 30,730 family child care homes reveals: (1) a family's opportunity to enroll a youngster in a preschool or child care program depends largely on the family's income and location--in some counties, most notably Los Angeles, affluent parents are twice as likely to find a preschool or child care slot in their community than those residing in poor areas; (2) counties vary enormously in their supply of early education and child care programs; (3) only San Francisco has been able to de-link family income from local availability of preschool and child care programs--other counties with high average supply, such as Santa Clara County, display unequal availability of supply between affluent and poor communities; (4) Latino children are hit hardest by this disparity in early education opportunities, even after taking into account indicators of need or demand--among the state's poorest communities, preschool supply in predominantly Latino areas is half the average supply observed in low-income black or Anglo communities. (Contains several tables and graphs and 35 references.) (Author/EV)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: Yale Univ., New Haven, CT.; California Child Care Resource and Referral Network, San Francisco.; Policy Analysis for California Education, Berkeley, CA.
Identifiers - Location: California