ERIC Number: ED417512
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Nov-14
The Vanishing Mildly Retarded Student.
Carskadon, Julia H.; Obringer, S. J.
This paper examines statistics that appear to show a 20 percent decline in the number of students identified as mildly mentally retarded. Evidence is provided which suggests that the primary reason for these declining figures is that these children are being classified as learning disabled. Relatively loose criteria for the learning disabilities category and stringent criteria for mental retardation are seen as contributing to this trend in student classification. Statistics from California and Texas support this trend. In addition, evaluation requirements designed to eliminate over-representation of minority students in educational programs for children with mild mental retardation are credited with contributing to this reclassification trend. The paper concludes that the actual prevalence of mental retardation probably remains between 2.3 and 2.5 percent, but that these students have been commingled with other student populations. It is feared that inappropriate placement and unrealistic goals for these students may be the ultimate result. (DB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, November 14-16, 1990).