ERIC Number: ED417357
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Understanding Adolescents' Motivation To Prevent Pregnancy: A Literature Review.
Sugland, Barbara W.; Wilder, Kathleen J.; Chandra, Anita
Recent efforts targeting teenage pregnancy in the United States have marked a renewed conviction to reduce the level of childbearing among adolescents. Some of the behavioral, psychosocial, and ethnographic studies that explore the underlying motivation to delay sex and to effectively use contraception are the focus of this literature review. Eschewing the more traditional, demographic or descriptive approach to teenage pregnancy, the goal of this study is to understand adolescents' motivation to prevent pregnancy; subsequently, it focuses on research that addresses the transition to first sex, sexual activity, and the use of contraception. A select number of studies on pregnancy resolution are also included as they are helpful for understanding the broader context of factors that may encourage/discourage adolescent sex and contraceptive behavior. The studies under review address individual-level factors, the influence of partners, peers, siblings and family processes, community and policy influences. Key findings are summarized, areas in need of further exploration are discussed, and a preliminary framework for a model integrating current knowledge is presented. Two sections, "Literature Cited" and "Literature Reviewed," contain approximately 267 references. An appendix describes and compares 19 models for understanding adolescent pregnancy. (EMK)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Child Trends, Inc., Washington, DC.