ERIC Number: ED417351
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Indicators in Perspective. The Use of Quality Indicators in Vocational Education and Training. CEDEFOP Document.
Van den Berghe, Wouter
Indicators are used in quite different ways in vocational education and training, from control and accountability to performance and quality purposes. A classification model has been proposed in which many indicators can fit. It is based on two important dimensions of indicators: (1) the "message" relating to the information content, meaning, and signification of the indicator and (2) the "purpose" relating to the function and use of the indicator. Four main areas on the scale for the message dimension are as follows: exclusively descriptive, management and policy, performance, and quality. Three areas on the scale for the purpose dimension are indicators used for analysis, used for communication, and with a normative purpose. The two main driving forces for the use of indicators are public authorities and institutions. International and European achievements in the work on quality indicators are illustrated by the following: the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's INES (Indicators of National Education System) project, the Eurostat key data, and the European Training Foundation key indicators on vocational education and training (VET). At the level of VET institutions, a wide range of performance and quality indicators have been developed across Europe in the Netherlands, Italy, Portugal, Denmark, and Western Australia. The advantages of using quality indicators can be achieved only if 10 conditions---5 design requirements and 5 requirements for processing and use--are met. (Appendixes contain 77 references, design methodology for quality indicators, and glossary.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Quality, Foreign Countries, Job Training, Postsecondary Education, Quality Control, Secondary Education, Standards, Total Quality Management, Vocational Education
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Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Thessaloniki (Greece).
Identifiers - Location: European Union