ERIC Number: ED417339
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-May
Reference Count: N/A
Understanding Career College Reentry Students: A Cross-Cultural Investigation of Locus of Control and Attributional Retraining.
James, Lynne M.
The question of whether internal versus external locus of control for generalized expectancies of reinforcement is an important variable in working with college reentry students was examined in a descriptive study. Subjects were 24 women (9 Caucasians, 7 African Americans, and 8 Hispanic Americans aged 19 to 24 years) enrolled in a proprietary business career junior college in a major metropolitan area of the southern United States. The women completed the Rotter Internal External Locus of Control Scale (IE Scale) and a student survey containing questions about respondents' ethnic background, grade-point average (GPA), and 1994 income. Of the three groups, the Hispanic women had the lowest IE scores (a fact attributed to their cultural heritage, Latina achievement styles, and the strength of their familial commitments). Among the African American students, there was an aggregate of single mothers with high GPAs, extremely low income levels, and very external IE scores. Attributional retraining programs were concluded to be a viable remedial intervention for assisting at-risk college students. (The reference list and bibliography contain 63 references. Appended are the following: project-related correspondence; reentry student survey; and a table and graphs detailing responses to the survey instruments.) (MN)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adult Education, Adult Learning, Adult Students, Attribution Theory, Black Students, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Hispanic Americans, Locus of Control, Proprietary Schools, Questionnaires, Racial Differences, Reentry Students, Retraining, School Surveys, Student Surveys, Two Year Colleges, White Students, Womens Education
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Rotter Internal External Locus of Control Scale