ERIC Number: ED417308
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Gender Differences in Earnings among Young Adults Entering the Labor Market. Postsecondary Education Descriptive Analysis Reports. Statistical Analysis Report.
Clery, Suzanne B.; Lee, John B.; Knapp, Laura G.
The source of data for analysis of earning differences between men and women was the High School and Beyond (HS&B) study that tracked the 1980 sophomore class from high school to postsecondary education and the labor market. Analyses indicated that in 1992, 10 years after most of the students who were the subjects in the study graduated from high school, women were less likely than men to work consistently after they left school--one-third compared to 46 percent. Men with no more than a high school diploma or General Educational Development certificate earned $25,601, whereas women earned $19,333 in the last full year after highest degree attainment. Men who earned certificates or associate's degrees earned $22,410 in the first year of work; women earned $19,446. In the last year of work, the men earned $26,969; women earned $21,868. Female workers with Bachelor's degrees earned $22,602 the year after graduation compared to $26,778 earned by men. By the last year of work, men were earning $34,104 compared to $27,259 for women. The gender dominance of the major field of study for students who earned any postsecondary degree or certificate was related to their earnings. Workers who graduated in female-dominated fields started work earning $20,855; those in male-dominated fields earned $26,170. By their last full year of employment studied, workers in female dominated field earned $24,307 compared to those in male dominated fields who earned $31,292. Men who graduated with Bachelor's degrees in gender-neutral fields earned more than women in the same fields. (Appendixes contain a glossary, technical notes, and a 24-item bibliography.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Employed Women, Employment Experience, High School Equivalency Programs, High School Graduates, Nontraditional Occupations, Postsecondary Education, Salaries, Salary Wage Differentials, Secondary Education, Sex Differences, Student Certification
U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-9328.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: JBL Associates, Bethesda, MD.