ERIC Number: ED417256
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Reference Count: N/A
Participants in New Beginnings and Career Equity Programs Gain Knowledge and Equitable Attitudes. Evaluation Report, Program Year 1997.
Montclair State Univ., Upper Montclair, NJ. Career Equity Assistance Center for Research and Evaluation.
Occupational and sex equity programs administered by the New Jersey Department of Education, Office of Bilingual Education and Equity Issues, and funded through the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act were evaluated. Participants in single-parent and sex equity programs completed a series of pretests and posttests that measured changed in knowledge and attitudes resulting from their experience with these programs. The four tests participants completed were: (1) the Sex Role Survey, a modified version of the instrument developed by MacDonald (1976), taken by 499 subjects; (2) the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (S. Coopersmith, 1993), taken by 468 subjects; (3) the Gender Equity Standards Test developed for use in evaluating New Jersey's programs, taken by 1,061 participants; and (4) the Mathematics Anxiety Ratings Scale-Elementary (MARS-e) (R. Suinn and R. Edwards, 1982), taken by 485 subjects. Numbers and characteristics of participants vary, depending on enrollment, attendance, and reporting deadlines, but participants were generally female (85 to 95 %) and parents (94 to 95%). About 43% were Black, 37 to 39% Caucasian, and 12 to 14%, Hispanic. Sex Role Survey results reflected a significant change toward more equitable attitudes for all participants combined, and especially for younger participants. Significantly higher posttest scores on the Coopersmith Self Esteem Inventory indicate higher self esteem for all participants combined and for several categories of participants. The knowledge of gender equity standards increased significantly for all participants combined and for those in several racial categories and of all ages. MARS-e results indicate decreased mathematics anxiety for all participants combined. Evaluation results clearly demonstrate the success of the Perkins Act sex equity set aside programs in removing barriers to high wage employment opportunities for women. (Contains 8 figures and 44 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Montclair State Univ., Upper Montclair, NJ. Career Equity Assistance Center for Research and Evaluation.
Identifiers - Location: New Jersey
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Carl D Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act 1990