ERIC Number: ED417241
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Jan
Preventing Youth Violence. A Summary of Program Evaluations. Urban Health Initiative Monograph Series, Monograph 1.
Kellermann, Arthur L.; Fuqua-Whitley, Dawna S.; Rivara, Frederick P.
This summary explaining the results of evaluations of programs to prevent youth violence is an attempt to fill the gap in information about what works and what does not. An effort is made to place the problem of youth violence in perspective, using information largely taken from Bureau of Justice statistics. The existing programs are divided into three groups: those that have been evaluated and found to be effective; those that have yielded disappointing or mixed results; and those that are promising, but have not been evaluated. In the first category are programs for the prevention of unintended pregnancy and infancy and early childhood interventions that include a variety of approaches, such as home visits , various types of family therapy, programs for children, and innovative policing. The category for less effective programs includes a number of individual-level interventions, including some mentoring programs, peer counseling, drug education, and vocational and employment programs. Also grouped with the less effective programs are some community-level interventions, including neighborhood cleanups and gun buybacks. Strategies that appear promising, but have not been tested include: (1) family literacy programs; (2) firearm safety training; (3) disrupting gun trafficking to youth; and (4) support groups for victims. This review is extensive, but not exhaustive. New programs are being developed every day, and these new approaches deserve careful evaluation. A list of 10 "must read" citations is provided, along with an extensive bibliography. (Contains 104 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.
Authoring Institution: Washington Univ., Seattle. Graduate School of Public Affairs.; Washington Univ., Seattle. School of Public Health and Community Medicine.