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ERIC Number: ED417051
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Outdoor Adventure Programs Fulfilling Heroic Archetypal Patterns.
Lee, Johnny
The experiences found in adventure programs often parallel the archetypes depicted in mythological quests. Drawing on the work of Joseph Campbell, the stages and trials of adventure participants are compared to similar rites of passage and epic adventures experienced by heroes and heroines in epic literature and mythology. The basic pattern of separation, time of trials, and return to community in heroic adventures is reinterpreted in terms of the adventure program as leaving a safe place (home, school, community) to face strange trials (weather, getting lost, group conflicts, anaphylactic shock) and returning home with a sense of personal growth (maturity and confidence). The role of the outdoor leader is similar to the guide in epic adventures who shows the way; gives instruction, tools, and encouragement; and allows the hero to accomplish his goals by himself. Activities may be framed in this context by using rituals, sharing stories and experiences, recognizing accomplishments and achievements, saying farewell to other participants, recognizing the transition, and using tokens. However, there are certain difficulties and even dangers in considering expeditions as mythical quests or rites of passage. Adventure programs should not go overboard and emulate the spiritual references and rituals of other cultures that have been in existence for generations, or claim that they can enact a rite of passage. (SAS)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A