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ERIC Number: ED417050
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Effects of Family Participation in an Outdoor Adventure Program.
Kugath, Steven D.
Twenty-four families participated in an intensive 8-hour adventure program that included initiative games, rock climbing, and whitewater rafting in the mountains of central Colorado. A study examined the effects of participation on parental perceptions of family problem solving, communication, cohesiveness, and general functioning. A questionnaire was administered before and after participation; observations were collected throughout the program; and interviews were conducted with 11 families 1 month later. Results indicated significant positive change for mothers' perceptions of family cohesiveness. No significant improvements in mothers' perceptions were recorded for problem solving, communication, or general functioning. Participating fathers' perceptions significantly improved for family cohesion and communication. No significant improvements in fathers' perceptions were recorded for problem solving or general functioning. Interviews 1 month later with 11 families confirmed that participating mothers, fathers, and their children did in fact experience positive changes in family cohesiveness and that powerful memories of the program persisted. Contributions of the study to the understanding of family enrichment and adventure/challenge programs are discussed, as are recommendations for further study. Contains 67 references. (TD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A