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ERIC Number: ED417002
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Context of Physical Punishment: A Cross Cultural Comparison.
Chang, I. Joyce; Katsurada, Emiko
This cross-cultural study was designed to overcome some limitations of previous research by not only inquiring into general attitudes toward physical punishment, but also by obtaining information concerning the context (for example, situation, type of misbehavior, and form of physical punishment). A cross-cultural comparison was made of attitudes of 227 college students in the United States and Japan. Participants responded to a questionnaire yielding data on their general attitudes toward physical punishment and perceptions of appropriate discipline method using four hypothetical scenarios. The results indicated that the experiences of physical punishment by the U.S. and Japanese samples were similar. However, the U.S. participants reported a higher likelihood of being hit with an object than the Japanese participants. For the U.S. sample, the buttocks and the hand were the top two sites on the body used for physical punishment, whereas the head and the face were the top two places for the Japanese sample. The type of child's misbehavior was found to have an impact on the Japanese participants' views on the appropriate discipline method. The U.S. participants' views on the appropriate discipline method were not differentiated by the gender of the child or the type of child's misbehavior. The questionnaire is appended. (Contains 17 references.) (Author/EV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan; United States