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ERIC Number: ED416957
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Zone of Proximal Development and the World of the Child.
Seng, Seok-Hoon
This paper examines Lev Vygotsky's theory concerning the zone of proximal development (ZPD) in children and its relevance to early childhood education. As per Vygotsky's "Mind in Society" (1978), ZPD is the difference between a child's "actual development level as determined by independent problem solving" and the "potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance or in collaboration with more capable peers." The paper focuses on the different nature of ZPD in the context of real world and pretend world activities of young children and how these activities differ in terms of parameters and motivations. Various studies on the application of ZPD to early childhood education are reviewed, especially in regard to guided participation, scaffolding, mediated learning, and other instructional techniques. The paper concludes by noting that while a Vygotskian perspective has theoretical and concrete value for early childhood education, further investigation is needed to extend Vygotsky's conceptions and to clarify their educational implications. Contains 14 references. (MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A