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ERIC Number: ED416557
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Pages: 36
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Play, Epideictic and Argument.
Hoffman, David C.
This paper explores the relationship between epideictic and argument, noting that the relationship is a "troublesome" one. The first part moves toward new definitions of epideictic and argument (taking the view that epideictic rises out of human play) and locates argument on the boundary where the play-world meets the "real" or "everyday." The second part offers an essay of Cicero as a rhetorician who successfully negotiates between the play-worlds of epideictic and the concerns of everyday life in both his theory and his practice. The ways in which play figures into Cicero's "Pro Archia" are explored. Noting that some issues involved in defining argumentation are brought out in a textbook, "Argumentation and Debate" (McBurney and Mills, 1967), the paper opts for defining argument as a "method of reasoning." It then points out that "play" is also a complex concept, but considers it a basic activity that precedes culture; epideictic is play because it is the oratory that arises from the play-worlds of ceremony, festivals, and games and because, like other play-activities, it is for itself, the "playing-out" of an order that seeks only to be. Scholars who try to find coherence in the content of epideictic most often conclude that epideictic is a genre concerned with praise and blame. Kenneth Burke sees praise as passing over into education to become a means of transcendence. In the "Pro Archia," Cicero frames his case in terms of another kind of play: literature. Contains 16 notes and 28 references. (NKA)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A