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ERIC Number: ED416547
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Defining Leadership through Followership: Concepts for Approaching Leadership Development.
Smith, Robert M.
The purpose of this paper is to define leadership through "followership." The paper begins by defining "leader,""follower," and "symbiosis." It explores: what followers do; what followers want; and what followers and leaders expect from each other. From these perspectives, the paper presents a rationale for how leadership and followership should be integrated into leadership development to maximize a symbiotic relationship. It uses John Gardner's definition of leadership because it communicates the inherent aspect of communication between leaders and followers and focuses on persuasion or reward rather than force as the driving motivation for both the leader and the follower. The paper points out that modern trends in organizational structures and management practices have attempted to capitalize on the principles of teamwork and redefine the relationship of leader and follower, but that these newer approaches to leadership have had their critics, and that there is little solid research to support the theories. Nevertheless, the paper suggests a pedagogical approach to a leadership development program for freshmen based on humanistic values which enhances both the leader and the follower. Offered are activities and exercises of skills associated with the follower's role and the identified framework; as a goal, the aim is the development of role models who demonstrate followership skills that prepare them for leadership. Contains 19 notes. (NKA)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A