ERIC Number: ED416431
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
School-Based Drug Prevention Programs: A Longitudinal Study in Selected School Districts. Final Report. Executive Summary.
Silvia, E. Suyapa; Thorne, Judy
In response to the increased awareness of substance abuse among youth, the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act (DFSCA) was enacted to boost drug and alcohol abuse education and prevention programs. A number of initiatives to evaluate these programs were started, and one such assessment, a longitudinal study of school-based prevention programs, is described in this summary. For the study, about 10,000 students were surveyed annually for 4 years. The major findings indicate that some drug prevention programs improved student outcomes, but effects were small. Outcomes were better in districts where the prevention program had greater stability over time. Few schools, though, used programs that had been deemed effective in previous research, and program delivery was variable and inconsistent, even within schools. Many programs featured multiple components, such as classroom instruction combined with student support services. Students in the survey mirrored the behaviors, beliefs, and attitudes about drugs found in national trends, and alcohol was the most widely used substance for students at any grade level. Some of the factors that lowered drug use included sports and exercise, volunteer work, and homework. It is recommended that larger social influences be considered in future research. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC. Planning and Evaluation Service.
Authoring Institution: Research Triangle Inst., Research Triangle Park, N.C.