ERIC Number: ED416369
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
Youth Career Planning--Career Development Knows No Boundaries.
Gysbers, Norman C.
Convergence of ideas from counseling and career psychology along with dramatic economic, social, and political changes call attention to the need to understand and respond to the career development of all people, but particularly that of youth. Changes in career education theory and practice include the following: a broader understanding of career development over the life span, occupational choices over the life span, and use of the work setting to help people better understand themselves. A conception of career development has emerged that emphasizes how individuals relate to work, other life roles, life settings, and life events. Implications of the broadened understanding of career for guidance include the following: emphasis on development and prediction; guidance as treatment and stimulus; concept of complementarity to supplement the concept of competitiveness; emphasis on competencies not deficits; expanded focus on individual needs; and competent achieving individuals as a primary goal. Once career development needs of youth have been identified, guidance programs to meet them must be developed and managed. The career development tasks and decisions faced by youth of different ages and levels of maturity require guidance programs that emphasize perceptual, conceptual, and generalization learning. Guidance programs need to emphasize perceptual learning activities during elementary school, conceptual learning activities during middle school and junior high, and generalization learning activities during high school. (YLB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the International Convention for Education, Training, and Development (Port Douglas, Queensland, Australia, September 30-October 6, 1995).