ERIC Number: ED416302
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Youth Violence, Guns, and Illicit Drug Markets. National Institute of Justice Research Preview.
The perception that violence is on the rise is supported by data showing a sharp increase in violent crime among juveniles since the mid-1980s. Although the overall national homicide rate has not increased, homicides by youth under the age of 24 have grown significantly in recent years. The rate of arrest of nonwhite juveniles for drug offenses has also more than doubled, and these increases appear to be linked to the recruitment of juveniles into the illegal drug trade and the consequent diffusion of guns from them to a larger number of young people. This has been particularly evident in urban areas. The links between the diffusion of guns to juveniles and to the general community, a result of the youths' recruitment into the illegal drug trade, is reflected in the 120% jump in the arrest rate for nonwhite juveniles from 1985 to 1992. A concerted effort must be made to get firearms out of the hands of young people. Some communities, including Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania) and Charleston (South Carolina), are trying new approaches to the reduction of the number of available firearms. These approaches include a bounty for reports leading to the seizure of an illegal gun. The war on drugs needs to be examined to assess its positive and negative effects on young people, including its unintended consequences. (SLD)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Delinquency, Delinquency Prevention, Drug Use, Guns, Homicide, Incentives, Juvenile Justice, Minority Groups, Racial Differences, Substance Abuse, Urban Youth, Violence
60-minute videotape available from National Institute of Justice, P.O. Box 6000, Rockville, MD 20849-6000 (Order NCJ 152235, $19; $24 in Canada and other countries); toll-free telephone: 800-852-3420; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. National Inst. of Justice.