ERIC Number: ED416299
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Juvenile Arrests 1996. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.
Snyder, Howard N.
In 1996, law enforcement agencies in the United States made an estimated 2.9 million arrests of persons under the age of 18. According to Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) figures, juveniles accounted for 19% of all arrests and 19% of all violent crime in 1996. The substantial growth in juvenile crime that began in the late 1980s peaked in 1994. In 1996, for the second year in a row, the total number of juvenile arrests for Violent Crime Index offenses declined. Even so, the number of juvenile violent crime arrests was 60% above the 1987 level. These findings are derived from data reported annually by law enforcement officers to the FBI. One in four juvenile arrests was the arrest of a female, and juvenile arrests disproportionately involved minorities. In 1996, roughly equal numbers of arrests for violent crime involved black and white youths, a finding in marked contrast to the proportion of each in the general population. This is a finding with implications for those involved in work with urban youth, since cities have higher concentrations of minority residents. It is hard to determine the relative responsibility of juveniles for the U.S. Crime problem, but if one uses data for crimes cleared by arrests, it is apparent that the juvenile proportion of violent crime clearance has increased for the four components of the Violent Crime Index: murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. However, between 1995 and 1996, while the juvenile proportion of the U.S. population increased, the juvenile proportion of violent crimes decreased in each category. These statistics, and others from the FBI, may provide some encouragement to those who plan and implement crime prevention programs among urban youth. (Contains 21 graphs and 1 table.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.