ERIC Number: ED416298
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Oct
Offenders in Juvenile Court, 1994. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.
Butts, Jeffrey A.
Juvenile courts in the United States processed more than 1.5 million delinquency cases in 1994, representing a 5% increase over the 1993 caseload and a 41% increase over the number of cases handled in 1985. These figures are taken from "Juvenile Court Statistics, 1994," the latest in a series of annual reports on cases handled by courts with juvenile jurisdiction. These reports focus on the disposition of delinquency cases and formally handled status offense cases. Findings in the report show that the number of homicides handled in U.S. juvenile courts increased 144% between 1985 and 1994. Offenses against persons accounted for 16% of all cases in 1985, but 22% in 1994. The number of cases involving a female juvenile increased 54% between 1985 and 1994, while the number of cases involving a male juvenile increased 38%. Between 1985 and 1994, the number of delinquency cases involving white youth increased 26% and the number involving black youth and other youth of color increased 78% and 94% respectively. These are findings with many implications for those who work with urban youth. Of interest also are figures provided about the processing and disposition of juvenile cases. Of cases that were formally petitioned and scheduled for an adjudicatory or waiver hearing in court, 58% of all formally processed delinquency cases resulted in adjudication, and 1.4% were transferred to adult criminal court. (Contains 18 tables and 4 figures.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Note: Based on "Juvenile Court Statistics, 1994," Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice, with data from the National Juvenile Court Data Archive.