ERIC Number: ED416271
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
School Choice and Urban School Reform. Urban Diversity Series No. 110.
Cookson, Peter W., Jr.; Shroff, Sonali M.
This monograph explores issues related to school choice by examining available evidence for the success of choice plans. It begins with an overview of the choice movement and then describes several specific plans that illustrate the various plan types. It concludes with an appraisal of how choice will change and shape urban school reform in the future and some recommendations for increasing the equity of choice programs. The following types of plans are considered: (1) intradistrict choice; (2) interdistrict choice; (3) intrasectional choice; (4) intersectional choice; (5) controlled choice; (6) magnet schools; (7) postsecondary options; (8) second-chance options; (9) charter schools; (10) workplace training; (11) voucher plans; and (12) tuition tax credits. Some examples of choice in action are described. In Minnesota, all public schools are open to all students throughout the state if there is room and transfer does not harm racial integration efforts. New York City has a city-wide choice plan. In Massachusetts, choice has been a means to achieve racial and ethnic balance in the schools through controlled choice plans. Voucher plans have been implemented in several cities, most notably Milwaukee (Wisconsin). School choice clearly provides students with opportunities that might not otherwise exist, but it is just as clearly not a magic bullet for educational equity. (Contains 31 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Desegregation Plans, Educational Change, Educational Vouchers, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Free Choice Transfer Programs, Magnet Schools, Postsecondary Education, Public Schools, Racial Balance, School Choice, School Restructuring, Tuition, Urban Schools, Urban Youth
ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, 525 West 120th Street, Box 40, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027; phone: 800-601-4868; fax: 212-678-4012; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.