ERIC Number: ED416201
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Investing in Teacher Professional Development. A Look at 16 School Districts.
This report raises questions for policymakers to consider in designing and funding professional development activities. The study used 1995-1996 data to examine how much money states and districts spent on professional development and what that money bought, investigating connections between state and district expenditures on teacher professional development and results of those spending patterns on teaching and learning. Data came from over 60 districts in 11 states. The study created a district expenditure model that organized teacher professional development spending into seven categories and 17 subcategories. The model linked expenditures to specific professional development activities. A separate model for state expenditures organized state support for teacher development activities into five categories. Of the participating districts, only 16 furnished the required expenditure data. None linked professional development purchases to specific outcomes. Collecting state and district spending information proved difficult, and making connections between the expenditures and any results related to teaching and learning was impossible. The report discusses policy issues suggested by the spending patterns and teacher professional development activities, focusing on: linking spending to results; letting schools choose; cutting administrative costs; paying for continuing education; defining the state's role; balancing needs and resources; rethinking sabbaticals; organizing information; and using data to inform decisions. (SM)
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Faculty Development, Inservice Teacher Education, Public Schools, School District Spending, State Government, State School District Relationship, Teacher Improvement, Teachers
Education Commission of the States Distribution Center, 707 17th Street, Suite 2700, Denver, CO 80202-3427 (Stock no. TE-97-3, $9.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.