ERIC Number: ED416003
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Analysis of Young Men: Chapter One. A Descriptive Analysis Relating Risk, Social Capital, and Early Life Course Outcomes to Adult Socioeconomic Attainment among At-Risk Male Youth.
Brown, Brett V.
This study combined a social capital-oriented status attainment approach, a life course perspective, and a risk approach that features analysis of subgroups at particularly high risk, to examine the determinants of adult achievement among at-risk males. Achievement was operationalized as socioeconomic attainment and included outcomes related to educational, income, and occupational achievement. Outcomes were measured at or around age 29, with selected analyses repeated at age 35 for comparison purposes. Data were obtained from the National Longitudinal Survey of Labor Market Experience--Young Men cohort. Findings indicated that African-American men growing up in the 1960s were more likely than whites to have at-risk and multi-risk backgrounds. At-risk youth had less access to social capital than not at-risk youth. At-risk African-American males had access to parental and teacher encouragement equal to those not at-risk, and more parental encouragement than white at-risk males. At-risk youth had substantially lower levels of socioeconomic attainment as adults, although a large proportion were successful. At-risk youth had rates of unstable employment and early marriage similar to those not at-risk but were more likely to experience delayed high school graduation. The low income measure and the additive risk scale were most consistently associated with lower adult attainment. Consistently strong relationships were found between three social capital measures and adult attainment. Early life course mis-steps were strongly related to adult achievement for white males, but only unstable employment was related to lower adult attainment for African-Americans. (Contains 52 tables of data and a 51-item bibliography.) (KB)
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Blacks, Educational Attainment, Employment Level, Income, Longitudinal Studies, Males, Predictor Variables, Racial Differences, Risk, Social Capital, Socioeconomic Status, Tables (Data), Whites, Young Adults, Youth Problems
Child Trends, Inc., 4301 Connecticut Ave., Suite 100, Washington, DC 20008.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Grant (W.T.) Foundation, New York, NY.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Child Trends, Inc., Washington, DC.