ERIC Number: ED415954
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Gender and Grade Differences in Elementary Students' Perceptions of Conflict/Violence and Intervention Strategies.
George, Yvetta; Halpin, Glennelle; Halpin, Gerald; Dagnese, Donna; Keiter, Joel
This study examined sex and age differences in elementary school students' perceptions of conflict and violence and of the effectiveness of various intervention strategies to resolve conflicts. A total of 51 third-graders, 75 fourth-graders, and 95 fifth-graders who had been trained by researchers to be peer mediators participated in the study. The students completed a 21-item questionnaire on their perceptions of conflict, violence, and ways to resolve conflict. The results indicated significant gender differences on 8 of the 21 items, with more girls than boys responding that they thought there was too much violence on television (72 percent versus 44 percent), tried to talk things over when there was a conflict (93 percent versus 79 percent), and tried to find out what the problem was when there was a conflict (92 percent versus 78 percent). More boys than girls thought that using violence proved that you are tough (16 percent versus 7 percent) and tried to hit the person with whom they were having the conflict (21 percent versus 10 percent). Few significant grade-level differences were found. (A copy of the questionnaire is appended.) (MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (Memphis, TN, November 1997).