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ERIC Number: ED415953
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-May-1
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Relationship of Breast-fed and Bottle-fed First Grade Students and I.Q.
Humphrey, Danette
Previous studies have indicated some support for the hypothesis that breast feeding has a positive effect on intelligence and attainment among young children. This study examined the effects of breast-feeding versus bottle-feeding on the intelligence quotients (IQs) of first graders. A total of 26 breast-fed and 26 bottle-fed first graders from an elementary school in Kentucky completed the Otis-Lennon School Ability Test to determine IQ. To qualify for the breast-fed group, the children had to have been exclusively breast-fed for at least 4 months. The study found that although the average IQ score of the breast-fed group was five points higher than the bottle-fed group, no significant correlation was found between feeding type and corresponding IQs. (Three appendixes contain copies of communication with the parents of the children in the study and a questionnaire used to determine whether children were breast-fed or bottle-fed. Contains 15 references.) (MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A