ERIC Number: ED415949
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Apr-3
Reference Count: N/A
Community Violence and Young Children: A Survey of Massachusetts 6th Graders.
Miller, Pamela B.
This study examined the effects of exposure to violence on young children. A random sample of 236 Massachusetts 6th graders living in urban communities completed a quantitative survey on violence and its effects, including the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children-A (Briere, 1996). It was found that almost 60 percent of the children reported that they had been the victims of a violent event, and that over half had actually heard gunshots at least once in the past year. Boys reported experiencing hearsay and victimization episodes of violence at higher frequencies than did girls, and reported a greater total number of episodes of violence per year than did girls. It was also found that Hispanics had slightly higher exposure rates to all forms of violent events, and Caucasians had slightly lower rates, than did Blacks. Exposure to violence influenced the reported distress and worry scores of the children, in that children exposed to higher numbers of violent episodes scored higher on measures of anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress, dissociation, anger, and community safety than those with lower exposure. (MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts