ERIC Number: ED415828
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov-6
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Residential Learning Communities on Students' Educational Experiences and Learning Outcomes during the First Year of College. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.
Pike, Gary R.
This study investigated the effects of different types of learning communities in residence halls on the learning and intellectual development of first-year students at the University of Missouri (Columbia). Information sources included existing campus data and responses to the College Student Experiences Questionnaire. Compared to 469 students living in traditional residence halls, the 157 students living in learning communities within the university had significantly higher levels of involvement and interaction with significant others (faculty and peers), greater integration of information obtained in and outside of class, and greater gains in general education, which were attributed to higher levels of involvement in art, music, and theater, interactions with peers, and increased intellectual content of interactions. Learning communities tended to have direct positive effects on day-to-day behavioral aspects of students' college experiences and indirect effects on the integration of information and student learning. Higher levels of integration of course information for students in residential learning communities resulted largely from the positive effects of learning communities on involvement in clubs and organizations, involvement in residence halls, interaction with faculty and peers, and the intellectual content of interactions. (Contains 25 references.) (SW)
Descriptors: College Environment, College Freshmen, College Housing, Dormitories, Extracurricular Activities, General Education, Higher Education, Intellectual Development, Learning Experience, On Campus Students, Outcomes of Education, Peer Relationship, Student Organizations, Student Participation, Teacher Student Relationship
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: College Student Experiences Questionnaire