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ERIC Number: ED415813
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov-6
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparative Study of the Factors Which Predict Persistence for African American Students at Historically Black Institutions and Predominantly White Institutions. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.
Himelhoch, Carol R.; Nichols, Adriana; Ball, Stephen R.; Black, Lana Collister
This study examined the predictive factors of persistence for African American students at historically black colleges and universities (HBCU) and at predominantly white institutions, and is based on John Bean's (1982) synthetic model, which incorporates background, organizational, environmental, attitudinal, and outcome variables. The hypotheses were that Bean's model might not fully explain attrition effects for the African American subgroup of the student population, and that differences might exist in the factors predicting African American student persistence at HBCUs and at predominantly white institutions. The database of the Cooperative Institutional Research Program provided a stratified sample of a cohort of freshman entering American colleges and universities in 1986 and follow-up information from 1990. Of the 295 African American students, 78 were enrolled at predominantly white 4-year institutions, while 217 were enrolled at 4-year HBCUs. Factor analyses provided scaled variables, which were subsequently utilized in the regression analysis. The results show that for HBCUs, the predictors for persistence were faculty mentoring, intention to marry, changing a major or career, and intention to leave the institution, while at predominantly white institutions, the mentoring of faculty was the sole predictor for African American persistence. An appendix lists the variables used. (Contains 27 references.) (Author/SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A