ERIC Number: ED415808
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Changes in Educational Aspirations after High School: The Role of Postsecondary Attendance and Context. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.
McCormick, Alexander C.
This study used longitudinal data from the High School and Beyond study to examine how individuals' educational expectations change after high school, especially as related to postsecondary education. Data were from a nationally representative sample of high school seniors in 1980 and follow-up four years later. The dependent variable was students' expectation of amount of schooling. Independent variables included demographic characteristics, occupational expectations, parental support, duration of college plans, high school preparation, academic ability, high school grades, type of postsecondary institution attended, institutional selectivity, first enrollment as a full- or part-time student, and whether postsecondary enrollment was immediate or delayed after high school. Analysis indicated that change in educational expectations reflects two underlying dynamics: resilience, which contributes to stability of expectations; and isomorphism, which motivates adaptation. Among the specific findings were: any form of engagement in postsecondary education maintained or increased bachelor's degree expectations (though this was significantly less for students who attended two-year institutions); early expectations retained an independent effect; delayed entry and part-time attendance exhibited independent, depressant effects on educational expectations; women were less likely to maintain high expectations; and students at highly selective institutions were most likely to aspire to completing a graduate or professional degree. (Contains 41 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Academic Aspiration, Attitude Change, Bachelors Degrees, College Bound Students, College Students, Degrees (Academic), Demography, Full Time Students, Graduate Study, High Schools, Higher Education, Longitudinal Studies, Part Time Students, Selective Colleges, Sex Differences, Student Attitudes, Student Characteristics, Student Development, Student Experience, Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: MPR Associates, Berkeley, CA.