ERIC Number: ED415799
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
The Cultures of the Community College. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.
Levin, John S.
This paper reviews the literature on specific and multiple organizational cultures identified with the community college. The community college culture is seen as both fulfilling organizational purpose (a functional perspective) and expressing organizational behaviors (an interpretive perspective), including the beliefs, values, and ideologies of organizational participants. Four dominant cultures are identified: (1) traditional the college mission and goals focus largely upon the intellectual and cognitive development of students and the institutional role of providing access to educational opportunities, largely through university transfer and preparation for employment; (2) service the college possesses the characteristics of a human service organization with a mandate to protect and promote the well-being of its clients (students); (3) hierarchical the college president and administrative boards demonstrate strong leadership traits and uphold ideals of social transformation and excellence for both students and the organization; and (4) business the community college adopts the practices and values of business and industry in its operational styles. Analysis of the functionalist and interpretive perspectives of culture suggest multiple cultures with considerable variance among community colleges. (Contains 100 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Access to Education, College Environment, College Presidents, College Role, Community Colleges, Community Services, Higher Education, Human Services, Institutional Mission, Leadership, Models, Organizational Climate, Organizational Theories, School Business Relationship, School Community Relationship, Student Development, Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A