ERIC Number: ED415797
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Amos Brown and the American Land Grant College Movement. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.
Lang, Daniel W.
This paper reviews the effects of the Agricultural College Act (1862), which established land grant colleges, on higher education in the United States, focusing largely on the role of Amos Brown, president of The People's College in New York, which served as a model for the Agricultural College Act. Brown's role in the founding of the college in 1853 and its distinct aims training in agricultural and other specific occupations and disavowal of religious affiliations are noted, as is the school as New York State's first land grant college following passage of the Act. Separate sections of the report discuss: Amos Brown's early life; the movement to establish a state agricultural college in New York; the establishment and early days of The People's College; Brown's role in lobbying for the passage of the federal Agricultural College Act and his relationship with its sponsor, Justin Smith Morrill; the quarrels at The People's College that led to Brown's departure; the origins of Cornell University and transfer of The People's College land grant to Cornell; and Brown's unsuccessful efforts to lead Cornell. The paper concludes that Amos Brown might appropriately be considered the "adoptive father" of the Agricultural College Act and the land grant university concept. (Contains 55 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Morrill Act 1862