ERIC Number: ED415700
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
Designing Surveys for Language Programs.
Brown, James Dean
A discussion of survey methodology for investigating second language programs and instruction examines two methods: oral interviews and written questionnaires. Each method is defined, and variations are explored. For interviews, this includes individual, group, and telephone interviews. For questionnaires, this includes self-administered and group-administered forms. Uses of information resulting from surveys are noted, including curriculum development, analysis of program needs, program evaluation, and other forms of language program research such as student characteristics and attitudes. Six steps in a survey research project are specified: planning the project; designing the survey instrument; gathering and compiling survey information; statistical analysis of results; logical analysis of results; and reporting results. Functions of the survey, which can stand alone or be combined in either questionnaire or interview, are discussed. They include collection of demographic information, investigation of opinion, self-ratings, gathering of information about judgments, rankings, and Q-sorts. Guidelines for writing good survey questions and effective questionnaires and for avoiding survey pitfalls are offered, with examples. Suggestions are also made for increasing mail survey return rate and tabulating and analyzing both open- and closed-ended responses. Contains 34 references. (MSE)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Curriculum Development, Data Collection, Data Interpretation, Data Processing, Interviews, Questioning Techniques, Questionnaires, Research Design, Research Methodology, Research Utilization, Sampling, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Programs, Surveys, Writing Strategies
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Classroom Teachers and Classroom Research; see FL 024 999.