ERIC Number: ED415688
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
Review of Recent Studies Dealing with Techniques for Classroom Interaction.
El-Koumy, Abdel Salam A.
Theory and research on techniques for second language classrooms are reviewed in five areas: the scaffolding technique; questioning techniques; cooperative learning; techniques for promoting student interaction with text (reading instruction); and error correction. It is concluded that: (1) while there is some conflicting evidence, the majority of studies reviewed support the notion that reciprocal teaching improves reading and listening skills and fosters positive student attitudes toward reading; (2) studies of questioning show that teacher questions promote classroom interaction when open-ended, challenging, and interpretational, increasing teacher wait time after questions improves the quality and quantity of interaction, teacher encouragement and immediacy increase student questions, and the number of student questions in student/student interaction is much greater than in teacher/student interaction; (3) allowing students to interact freely in cooperative learning without close monitoring improves language skills; (4) heterogeneous grouping promotes interaction of low-ability students; (5) task differences influences interaction among group members; (6) interaction with prior knowledge and student-generated questions improve reading comprehension; and (7) error correction, even computer-generated, improves learning. Contains 103 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A