ERIC Number: ED415686
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Authenticity in ESL: A Study of Requests.
Schmidt, Toyoko Y.
A study analyzed actual use of one type of utterance, the request, at service counters at Southern Illinois University and compared the findings to the request forms found in four commercially available English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) textbooks that emphasize communicative competence. It also compared the requests of native and non-native English-speakers. Subjects included faculty members, undergraduate and graduate students, and students' spouses. Requests were categorized as need statements, mitigated need statements, imperatives, imbedded imperatives, permission directives, question directives, and hints. Results indicate that while native speakers used question directives significantly more than other request types, non-native speakers did not show such a preference, choosing question directives and permission directive equally. Mitigated need statements were used more by non-native speakers. Textbooks did not generally include the wide range of request types used in authentic conversation, and did not contain enough clear explanation of variables affecting choice of request type. The limited number of forms also did not reflect the most common forms in actual conversation. Implications for classroom teaching are discussed briefly. Contains 48 references. (MSE)
Descriptors: Case Studies, College Environment, College Students, Communicative Competence (Languages), Comparative Analysis, English (Second Language), Graduate Students, Higher Education, Instructional Materials, Interpersonal Communication, Language Research, Native Speakers, Pragmatics, Second Language Instruction, Speech Acts, Textbook Content
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A