ERIC Number: ED415635
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-May
Reference Count: N/A
The Change to Inclusion: Five Case Studies in One District.
Tilkin, Sandi; Hyle, Adrienne E.
This paper reports on a multiple case study of building administrators in a suburban school district in Oklahoma which implemented a unitary system of inclusion of students with disabilities in age-appropriate regular classrooms. The study focused particularly on how administrators developed shared meanings during the change process. Data were collected from five public schools (two elementary, two middle, and one high school) and included direct observation, systematic interviewing, and document reviews. Analysis resulted in identification of themes in the categories of focusing, communicating, and restructuring. Specific practices identified as contributing positively to the inclusion process included modifying assignments, sharing teaching strategies, promoting active student-centered activities, cooperative grouping, peer tutoring, problem solving, and hands on instruction. A cross-site analysis of strategies used by each school was also analyzed in terms of Fullan's (1991) six components for change: (1) vision-building, (2) evolutionary planning, (3) monitoring/problem-coping, (4) initiative-taking and empowerment, (5) staff development and resource assistance, and (6) restructuring. (Contains 24 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Oklahoma