ERIC Number: ED415618
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-May
Is EEG Biofeedback Efficacious as a Treatment for Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder? A Review of the Literature.
Wear, Trevin Douglas
This literature review examined 16 treatment studies which employed electroencephalographic (EEG) biofeedback to treat children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). An introductory section reviews hallmarks of ADHD, its historical background, current diagnostic criteria, etiology, single treatment or symptom focused treatment, development of EEG biofeedback, neurophysiology, EEG frequencies and biofeedback, medication, cognitive-behavior therapy, relaxation training, comparative studies, past reviews, and studies covering construct design or definitions. The EEG biofeedback treatment studies are divided into case studies and multiple subject designs. Methodological considerations are examined, including subject variables, EEG reinforcement contingencies, length of treatment, EEG sampling, measures of hyperactivity, measures of attention, achievement measures, measures of IQ, measures of impulsivity, and variables infrequently studied. Fifteen of the studies reported positive results; however, small sample size and variable implementation of normal and ADHD controls are seen as limiting generalization. The studies also implemented three different EEG contingencies, further reducing comparisons. The paper concludes that, in the absence of any clearly defined and proven alternative treatment for ADHD children, EEG biofeedback should be viewed as an efficacious adjunctive treatment. (Contains approximately 120 references.) (Author/DB)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, Biola University.